Thua Thien Hue is a coastal province in the southernmost region of the North Central, located on the important North-South transport axis, the East-West corridor linking Thailand - Laos - Vietnam along Road 9, as a civilized land with a long history - culture associated with the process of national construction and defense of the Vietnamese nation, where many famous people of the country are gathered; At the same time, it is one of the localities famous for the first two tangible and intangible world cultural heritages of Vietnam, namely Hue Monuments Complex and Hue Imperial Court Music.
Hue is bordered by Quang Tri province in the north and Da Nang province in the south, with a 90km long border bordering Laos, the east is a 130km long coastline. Hue has a complex terrain, including mountains, plains, lagoons and coastal areas.
Hue is a land with a long history, archaeological evidence showing that people had appeared in this land 4-5,000 years ago. Specially, this region known is a part of was an ancient kingdom of Champa with a flourishing culture until the early 19th century
In the early 19th century, the Nguyen Dynasty come and chose this region to built a capital. Under developed quite brilliantly of the Nguyen Dynastry, Hue Imperial Citadel and hundreds of temples, tombs and temples built and still exist like a treasure of valuable culture
Coming to Hue, besides immersing themselves in the tranquil and ancient scenery of mausoleums and temples carrying the unique artistic features of a long-standing cultural region, visitors also have chance to explore ocal people, their lifestyles and customs.
In addition, Hue is also blessed for countless beautiful landscapes. From the mountains of Bach Ma forest to Thuan An beach, Lang Co, or the dreamy Huong river flowing along Ngu Binh mountain, it has made an symbol of a Hue unique
The attracted sights of Thua Thien Hue
1. The Hue citadel (Imperial Citadel and Forbidden Purple City)
Located on the banks of the poetic Huong River, the Hue Citadel is a cultural heritages recognized as world cultural relics. Hue Citadel includes the Imperial Citadel and the Forbidden City, surrounded by the Imperial Capital.
The Hue Citadel is the most intact monuments complex in Vietnam, is over 200 years old, with about 140 elaborate and superficial constructions. Traveling to Hue Imperial City, you will admire the masterpieces of majestic palaces, magnificent temples in ancient silence.
The ancient Hue citadel was built under the reign of Gia Long and Minh Mang, located in the north of the Perfume River, facing to the South, with a harmonious combination of traditional Vietnamese architectural principles, Eastern philosophical thought with theory of the yin and yang (the five elements) and characteristics influenced by Western military architecture.
Panoramic view of Hue Citadel, Imperial Citadel and Forbidden Purple City (called as Hue Imperial Citadel) are interlocked and arranged on a straight axis from the South to the North. The square citadel has a circumference of 10km, 6.6m high, 21m thick, including 10 main gates and 1 auxiliary gate with Tran Binh Dai called Thai Binh gate. Around and right beside of the citadel wall are 24 defensive fortresses. In addition, outside the citadel there is an enclosed canal system.
Regarding feng shui, the previous record of Hue Citadel is Ngu Binh mountain which is over 100m high, flat top, located in the middle of the plain like a shielding natural screen. The two sides are Hen island and Con Da Vien depicting Thanh Long, right White Tiger (blue dragon on the left, white tiger on the right) creates a dragon flanking the tiger to show respect for kingship. Minh waterway is a large section of the Perfume River, bending between the two dunes into a bow shape that gives life to the City.
2. Museum of Royal Antiquities (Hue)
Museum of Royal Antiquities (Hue) is home to more than 300 valuable artifacts of the Nguyen Dynasty, providing tourists with an overview of life in the Hue imperial city.
The Hue Museum of Royal Antiques is the earliest museum in Hue, in 1923, with the first name is Khai Dinh museum. After that, the name was changed 5 times: "Tàng Cổ Viện Huế (since 1947), Viện bảo tàng Huế (under Ngo Dinh Diem), Antique Gallery (since 1979), Hue Antique Museum ( since 1992), Hue Museum of Royal Fine Arts (since 1995). And now the Museum of Royal Antiquities (Hue)
Before 1945, the Hue Museum of Royal Antiquities was one of the brightest museums in Indochina, associated with the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945), and was visited by many researchers as well as many institutions in the world
3. Quoc Tu Giam School of the ancient capital of Hue
Quoc Tu Giam (address - No. 1, August 23, located in the Imperial City of Hue) is a university in the ancient capital of Hue, now the Museum of History of Thua Thien Hue. This is the only feudal university ruins remaining in Vietnam.
4. Nguyen King mausoleums
During the Nguyen Dynasty, there were 13 kings but only 7 tombs were built. Each mausoleum is the king's choice of location and architecture, so each mausoleum here has its own architectural features with exquisite, unique carvings. The most unique are Tu Duc Tomb, Minh Mang Tomb and Khai Dinh Tomb.
Tu Duc king tomb - Khiem Lang
Located in a narrow valley in Duong Xuan Thuong village, Cu Chanh canton, Tu Duc King Tomb (also known as Khiem Lang) is probably the most beautiful tomb of the Nguyen Dynasty's tombs due to the harmony between the frame natural landscape "charming aquatic paint" and vast architectural space. Surrounded by a tub of lush green trees and located near a large lake, Tu Duc King tomb appears with ancient features and sophisticated architecture, immersed in romantic nature and strangely peaceful space.
Minh Mang King Tomb - Hiếu lăng
Minh Mang King Tomb is a solemn mausoleum, both brilliant in architecture, in harmony with nature and profound by the ideological value. The mausoleum is about 18km from the center of Hue city, in the territory of Mount Cam Ke, the confluence of the two sources of Ta Trach and Huu Trach forming the poetic Huong River.
Khai Dinh king Tomb
Located just 10 km from the center of Hue city, Khai Dinh king tomb is the last architectural construction of the Nguyen Dynasty and is also the most outstanding of all other tombs thanks to the modern construction materials and the influence of many architecture characteristics from international style.
Khai Dinh king tomb was built in 11 years (1920 - 1931), lasting 2 kings of the Nguyen Dynasty, Khai Dinh king and his son Bao Dai. in In spite of the smallest area, this tomb is the most costly and expensive tomb of the tombs of the Nguyen Dynasty.
Khai Dinh king Tomb is the culmination of the art of forming porcelain and glass, this is really a work of artistic and architectural value.
5. Thien Mu Pagoda
Located on the hill of Ha Khe, on the left bank of the Perfume River, Thien Mu Pagoda stands out in the middle of a poetic natural space and is the inspiration for many works of music and poetry.
From the distance, towering Phuoc Duyen tower towering, as a symbol that everyone remembers when coming to this ancient city. Coming to Thien Mu Pagoda, listening to the sound of the temple resonating in the natural beauty, you will find your heart lighter and more relaxed in the face of life.
Thien Mu Pagoda is an ancient and very famous pagoda with the birth story associated with the opening step of the first Nguyen Lord in Dang Trong.
6. Huong river
As a symbol and also the pride of the people of Hue, the Huong River is gentle as a long, soft silk strip in the middle of a dreamland of Kinh. The Perfume River is emerald green, crystal clear, reflecting the view of the poetic city under the calm water and sparkling in the sun. So many artists when traveling to enjoy the peaceful scenery of Huong Giang and listen to traditional Hue folk songs here have found a great source of inspiration to create immortal poems.
7. Ngu Binh Mountain
In addition to the poetic Huong River, Ngu Binh mountain is also a symbol of nature and the pride of the people of Hue. When mentioning about Huong River, people cannot forget to mention Ngu mountain. Standing on the top of this beautiful mountain, you can look far away and admire the landmarks and picturesque natural scenery of Hue city. From the foot to the top of the mountain is covered with lush pine forests, mixed in the cool breeze, bringing a cool space and feeling of ultimate relaxation.
8. Vong Canh Hill
If you're looking for a panoramic view of the city from above, head to Vong Canh Hill. From the top view of Vong Canh Canh, you will see the "charming water" landscape of the poetic Huong River and ancient tombs, temples and pagodas, with a view of the mountains as majestic mountains. .
9. Trang Tien Bridge
Trang Tien Bridge (also known as Truong Tien Bridge) crosses the Perfume River with soft, flexible curved spans and is one of the typical symbols of the ancient capital of Hue. Trang Tien Bridge is also associated with more than 100 years of history and witnessed many ups and downs of national history, as a witness to history. Today, the bridge is installed with a modern lighting system, every time the evening falls, it shines brightly and colorful.
10. Hon Chen Temple
Located on the slope of Ngoc Tran mountain, hidden in the green trees and silhouetted in the waters of the Perfume River, Hon Chen Palace is a cluster of historical and religious relics including 10 buildings with decorative architectural features. unique stock. This cluster of monuments is also a special cultural and religious tourist attraction that attracts many visitors to the festival taking place in March and July of the lunar calendar every year.
11. Thien An Hill - Thuy Tien Lake
Thuy Tien lake is located on Thien An hill with green trees. If Ho Thuy Tien has a quiet, romantic and romantic beauty, Thien An Hill has the appearance of a "miniature Dalat" because it is covered with green pine trees. All blend together to bring visitors a sense of lightness and relaxation in a peaceful and peaceful space.
12. Bach Ma National Park
Bach Ma National Park in Hue has long been an ideal resort, attracting domestic and foreign tourists because of its charming scenery, fresh air and picnic activities, exploring nature. interesting.
13. Lang Co beach
Lang Co Beach in Hue is the highlight of the famous Lang Co Bay - one of the most beautiful bays in the world 2009 by Worldbays. It attracts domestic and foreign tourists by its attractive and diverse landscape, with long beaches, high mountains, wide swamps, winding rivers and streams, and a rich and fresh seafood source.
14. Thuan An Beach
Thuan An Beach is also a favorite beach of many tourists coming to Hue because of the gentle, poetic beauty of the gentle waves. Immerse yourself in the refreshing cool water, take a walk along the shimmering golden sand and enjoy the delicious fresh seafood delicacies to enjoy a wonderful holiday on the beautiful Thuan An beach paradise pretty.
15. Lap An Lagoon
Combining a tour of Lang Co Beach with a visit to Lap An Lagoon (also known as An Cu Lagoon) is an attractive Hue tourist destination. When the sunset's sunset sun disappeared after the majestic Bach Ma mountain range, the calm surface of Lap An lagoon turned into a vibrant orange-yellow color mixed with the deep blue color of the lagoon's water, looking away like a picture. ink paintings extremely fanciful and vivid. Moreover, the people here are famous for farming oysters, so in addition to admiring the beautiful lyrical nature, you also have the opportunity to enjoy delicious dishes made from oysters.
16. Ho Truoi - Truc Lam Zen Monastery
Located at the foot of Bach Ma Mountain, Truoi Lake is a large hydroelectric project. In the middle of Truoi lake, Truc Lam Bach Ma Zen Monastery is the first monastery in the Central region, looking far away like a lotus in the middle of a clear blue lake. From the Zen Monastery, look far away to admire the majestic mountains and forests and the "green and blue" beauty of Truoi Lake in the cool, fresh air of the prosperous place.
17. Dong Ba Market
Dong Ba Market is the largest and the oldest shopping place in Hue city. Dong Ba Market is associated with hundreds of years of history of the Nguyen Dynasty. Today, the market is not only a shopping place for the inner-city people but also a place many tourists visit to buy souvenirs for relatives and friends for an exciting Hue trip.
18. An Dinh Palace
An Dinh Palace is a superficial architecture, located on the bank of An Cuu River, belonging to Hue Monuments Complex. This palace is considered a representative representative of Vietnamese architectural style in the neoclassical period.
19. Tam Giang Lagoon
Tam Giang Lagoon is famous for being the largest brackish lagoon in Southeast Asia. It carries in itself the wild, quiet beauty that makes anyone come here to admire and admire.
20. The Esplanade of Sacrifice to the Heaven and Earth
The Esplanade of Sacrifice to the Heaven and Earth in Hue is an open altar where the Nguyen kings organize sacrifices for heaven and earth in the spring every year. This is the only Nam Giao herd that still exists in Hue, and it is also the only sacrificial instrument of the Nguyen Dynasty that exists in Vietnam.
21. Phuoc Tich ancient village in Hue
Nestled on the peaceful O Lau river, Phuoc Tich ancient village is especially attractive by the peaceful and ancient beauty of 500-year-old wooden houses, and the traditional pottery has long been associated with this land. This is also the second oldest village in Vietnam ranked as a National Cultural and Historical Site.
22. Chuon Lagoon
Chuon lagoon (also known by Cau Hai lagoon), this is the largest part of the Tam Giang lagoon system. Chuon lagoon is located about 10 km south of Hue city in Phu Vang district. Therefore, the road to Chuon lagoon is very easy, just follow Highway 49 toward An Truyen, past Tu Hien Bridge will arrive.
23. Ru Chá mangrove forest
It is far from Hue city center about 15 km, belonging to Huong Phong commune, Thua Thien Hue, Ru Cha is the only remaining primary mangrove forest in Tam Giang lagoon.
The name Rú Chá is called by the locals from generation to generation. Because Rú Chá tree is naturally grown dense, accounting for more than 90%, with an area of over 5 hectares forming an extremely mysterious and pristine forest, lying down to cover the land in front of Thuan An sea breeze.
Local people consider the Rú Chá mangrove forest as a screen shielding the plan to cover the mainland in Thuan An beach. People here say that when there are storms and floods, the forest is less damaged or affected, so this is also a place to avoid floods of people every flood season.
24. Thuy Bieu village
Thuy Bieu Village is a village located in the southwest of Hue City, it is far from Hue city about 5km. This is a cool, peaceful village in the middle of Hue city dating back hundreds of years.
According to some historical documents of the residents living here, the Thuy Bieu village formed around 1559. Although there is currently no accurate data to determine the time of formation, Thuy Bieu is one of the Ancient villages need to be preserved.
Thuy Bieu means water gourd shape. From google maps, we can see the image of the Huong River surrounded Thuy Bieu as a water body surrounding an alluvial soil.
Thuy Bieu has been famous for Thanh Tra specialty for hundreds of years in Hue. It is not known where this tree originated from and was ever grown in Thuy Bieu itself, but it has been around for hundreds of years.
25. Thanh Toan tile bridge:
Thanh Toan tile bridge is a wooden arch bridge with a tile roof crossing a ditch in Thanh Thuy Chanh village, Thuy Thanh commune, Huong Thuy town, Thua Thien - Hue province, about 8 km southeast of Hue city. This is a wooden bridge classified as rare and has the highest artistic value among the ancient bridges in Vietnam
Thanh Toan tile bridge was built according to the "upper the house, downer the bridge". The bridge is 43 meters long (18.75m), 14 meters wide (5.82m) wide, divided into 7 spaces, the two sides of the bridge have two rows of wooden platforms and railings to sit on. On a covered bridge, roofed with glass tiles.
Because of its unique beauty, this bridge has become a famous and attractive place for many tourists from near and far to visit every year.
Hue is an ancient land but it is also a land in the Central region which is sunny and windy, with many disadvantages in terms of location and natural conditions. Therefore, the cuisine here has its own characteristics, many dishes show ingenuity and sophistication in processing, but use a variety of available and simple materials to create flavors. fascinating hard to resist. Toidi.net will recommend the delicious dishes in Hue that you definitely have to try when coming to Hue.
1. Cơm Hến - Hue clam rice
Hue clam rice is a specialty of Hue cuisine. Hue clam rice is presented in the form of cold rice mixed with sauteed clam through oil and spices, clam water, fish sauce, taro tree scliced, pork skin, baked rice paper, crispy fried noodles, colored peppers, whole peanuts, cooking oil, pepper, MSG and salt. Later on, in order to the taste of local people, they added modified dishes such as clam noodles and clam yellow noodles.
2. Hue beef noodle soup
Bún Bò Huế is a popular Vietnamese spicy beef noodle soup meant Hue beef noodle soup, contain rice vermicelli and beef. Bún Bò Huế originally from Hue that why its name to recognized as a label
First of all, Hue was an old capital in central of Vietnam has the cooking style of the former royal cooking. Therefore, the dish is famous for its balance of spicy, sour, salty and sweet flavors. And the special flavor of Bun Bo Hue is that of bone, lemongrass and shrimp paste. Another, compared to Phở in the North or B ún riêu in the South, the noodles are thicker and round shaped
In Hue, Bún Bò Huế seems like for breakfast rather than lunch or dinner. As a result, you can see this soup every where. While you can eat as dinner at many street stalls too
3. Bánh canh Nam Phổ - Nam Pho soup
Nam Pho soup is a typical dish of Hue people, cooked in a very specific way originating from a village named Nam Pho so it is called Nam Pho soup.
4. Hue special cakes (Bánh bèo - bánh ướt - bánh nậm - bánh lọc)
Vietnamese cuisine is diverse, spread from North to South. Each region and region has its own characteristics. Referring to Vietnamese cuisine, especially Hue cuisine, there must be typical Hue cakes such as: dirt cake, filter cake, nam cake, pleasure cake, wet cake ...
5. Fruit-shaped Mung Bean Cakes - Hue royal aristocratic cake
Fruit-shaped Mung Bean Cakes - a "noble" tea cake in Hue. Mung beans are not only finely ground, squeezed into delicate fruit shapes, but also covered with eye-catching jelly colors.
6. Chè Huế - Hue sweet soup
Sweet soup is a specialty of Hue dating back to ancient times, offering to the king lower cool when it is hot, we don't know when it became popular with many people, amidst the sultry weather of the central region. A cool, sweet, refreshing glass of tea is preferred to strangers.
Specialties as gifts:
Nhat Le Banh Chung: a very famous dish in Hue, originating from Nhat Le street in the inner city. Banh chung here is very special, only small by hand and always sold in pairs.
Sour shrimp: a delicacy of Hue people, made from copper shrimp, neither too big nor too small to have a beautiful appearance. It takes dozens of stages to get the finished product, which is a jar of sour shrimp with eye-catching colors and typical pungent flavors.
Tré Hue: a dish that looks like nem chua, but it is very different. All ingredients must be well cooked and include many spices. And delicious treats must be made by hand, not by machine because when hand-made, the ingredients will not be crushed and retain the original flavor.
Sesame candy is a sweet, marshmallows made from malt mixed with peanut oil (peanut oil), sesame covered around the candy, cut into small squares (small cellophane bags) wrapped in boxes. . Sesame candy is one of the specialties that has become a cultural symbol of Hue. This candy is also often used as a gift when visitors to Hue.
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